Financial Status of the Universal Health Care Coverage in Thailand (in Thai)
This study projects the financial status of Thailandís Universal Coverage Scheme by comparing the trend of revenue or budget allocated from government with the trend of health expenditure in various scenarios. In the baseline scenario, the financial status of the Scheme would be in a slight deficit but would widen in the long term. However, the data from the Health and Welfare Survey shows that the Scheme was underutilized. Based on this information, the analysis indicates that at present the Scheme might actually be in surplus. Under the situation of increasing health expenditure due to improvement in service quality and a rising rate of utilization, the budget allocation from government to the Scheme at a rate that follows the growth rate of real GDP would assure its long term financial stability. This study also suggests the expansion of the Social Security Scheme to cover private sector employers and employees who are covered now by the Universal Coverage Scheme. The contribution from the potential beneficiaries in the Scheme could be collected and then put into the Universal Coverage Fund.
Keywords: universal coverage, health financing, health expenditure
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