Factors Affecting Poverty Incidence of Thai Agricultural Households
Sanirat Kaewmee and Prapinwadee Sirisupluxana
This paper analyzes the poverty incidence of agricultural households. The levels of net income over the poverty line are compared. The study also measures headcount ratio and FGT index by regions. In addition, factors affecting poverty among agricultural households are examined using multiple regression technique. The survey data of 11,131 households is used. The results show that Northeastern Thailand has the most severe poverty incidence of agricultural households. Increasing the educational level of the household head as well as opportunities for employment in non-agriculture sector would alleviate household poverty. In contrast, increasing indebtedness, a high number of dependents among the household members, and increasing farm size would increase the poverty. Certain types of production activities also affect the poverty incidence. Enhancing the education opportunity, promoting non-farm activities together with farm activities, and improving production efficiency would reduce the poverty incidence in agricultural households.
Keywords: poverty incidence, agricultural household, headcount ratio
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